Tuesday, November 25, 2014

The Superdome Dead

I received the following narrative from a resident of New Orleans this past weekend:

Sir - thank you for reading my email. I want to convey my experiences while working in the vicinity of the Louisiana Superdome (now known as the Mercedes-Benz Superdome). I have worked in the warehouse in the Superdome as well as a steward in the Hyatt Regency across from Champions Square. I held these jobs between 2006 through 2014.

As you may remember, more than 40,000 people took shelter in the Superdome during Hurricane Katrina in August 2005. Though it was a refuge of last resort, the conditions were horrendous. I was told that only 5 people died there during the storm, but I know that many more died from the effects of that hellhole. There was death throughout the city - a few people I knew were never seen again.

I can safely say that the area in and around the Superdome is haunted. The management of the facility and other businesses around it are acutely aware of the paranormal activity. Security personnel is a revolving door - they rarely stay longer than a few months. The smell of death and filth still permeate the air in parts of the Superdome.

One late evening I was walking from the loading dock to Garage 5. I was approached by an older man who asked me if I could sell him a cigarette. I told him that he was trespassing, but he gave me no reaction. Then suddenly, he turned and faded away. I mentioned this incident to my supervisor, who just shrugged his shoulders and said that it wasn't unusual.

I later saw the same man walking around different areas, but only for a matter of seconds before he faded away. I have heard babies and children screaming & crying, but have never seen anyone.

I can attest to the fact that the Superdome has been blessed by several voodoo priests & priestesses. I believe the pain and suffering experienced during Hurricane Katrina are now a part of the structure. I was also told that the Superdome was originally build on top of old graves and that the angry spirits are now going to seek justice. I don't know how true that is, but it's something to think about.

The Hyatt Regency has also experienced various activity. One of the ladies who works as a steward told me that there have been times when patrons would quickly leave their rooms in the middle of the night because something scared them. She said that she had witnessed items move while cleaning a room, but that's all. It didn't seem to bother her at all.

New Orleans is a haunted city, and anyone who lives here knows that to be a fact. But this is my home and I plan to live here as long as I can. Nate

Markets of Sorrow, Labors of Faith: New Orleans in the Wake of Katrina

Left to Die...A First Hand Account of Life in the Superdome during Hurricane Katrina (Left to Die trilogy Book 1)

A Storm Called Katrina

Haunted New Orleans (LA): History & Hauntings of the Crescent City (Haunted America)

Daily 2 Cents: California Drought Ignites 'Gold Fever' -- Ivan the Terrible's Sword Found? -- Put Bigfoot On Endangered Species List

California Drought Ignites 'Gold Fever'

Bruce Meyer took a smoke break on the gravel bank of the scenic Bear River, deep in central California's Gold Country. He was wearing a wetsuit and bandana, and water dripped from his thick, graying beard.

Meyer had spent much of the morning on that first Sunday in August hunting for gold in the middle of the stream, in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada near Colfax. He showed off several shiny flakes in his pan, each about half the size of a grain of rice. He rinsed them with water and then sucked them into a small plastic bottle.

"Everyone has something they do; mine's gold," said Meyer.

Meyer hails from Carson City, Nevada, but he has spent much of the summer staying in his truck northeast of Sacramento to be near California's rich mineral deposits. And perhaps paradoxically, thanks to the worst drought in the state's recorded history, his work has gotten a little easier.

"When I started coming here four years ago, the river was about four feet higher and running fast," Meyer said. But now, it was easier to work in.

Meyer has been looking for gold off and on over the last 14 years. "The more I do it, the more I find," he said. A few years ago, he quit his job and started prospecting full time.

Last year, Meyer found a total of about four ounces of gold in California and Nevada rivers. At recent prices of around $1,300 an ounce, his find was worth about $5,200. It's not a lot of money, but Meyer lives simply. And he hopes to find bigger paydirt soon, like the stories he's heard of payouts up to $75,000.

From his office on the leafy campus of nearby California State University, Sacramento, hydrogeologist and geology department chair Tim Horner explained that prospectors like Meyer "have been able to get to places they couldn't before" because the drought has shrunk many of the state's rivers, "some down to a trickle."

As an example, Horner mentioned that one of his students recently found about $900 worth of gold in a stream that had previously been too treacherous to explore.

Although most of the world's gold is now produced in massive open-pit mines, "looking for gold [the old-fashioned way] is a popular hobby, and some people are making a living doing it," Horner said.

In fact, Frank Sullivan of the Pioneer Mining Supplies shop in Auburn says sales of prospecting equipment have been up 20 to 25 percent because of the drought. With his snow-white beard and hearty laugh, Sullivan looks the part of a miner in a town that was founded during the Gold Rush boom of the middle and late 1800s. In fact, the site where gold was first discovered in California, at Sutter's Mill in 1840, lies only about a half hour away.

Sullivan has worked in the mining business for about 50 years, in manufacturing equipment and supply sales. Before that his father worked in local mines.

"Everything in this area had to do with gold," said Sullivan, who started his store 35 years ago.

He stocks all manner of picks, pans, filters, sluice boxes, metal detectors, guidebooks, and snorkeling gear. As customers admired his collection of quartz crystals and petrified wood, Sullivan said he recently turned the store over to his daughter, Heather Willis, though he still puts in volunteer shifts to help her get some time off. The largest piece of gold he ever pulled from a California river was a nugget about half as big as his thumb that weighed about three-quarters of an ounce. It would be worth around $1,000 today.

Even after more than a century of searching, miners "still find stuff every day" in the area, Sullivan said. He buys some of that gold to resell, as do local pawn shops and jewelry stores.

From First-Timers to Experienced Snipers

The simplest way to get into gold mining is to comb through sediments along the riverbank. Gold is 19 times heavier than water and denser than about anything else in the stream, so it quickly settles to the bottom or into cracks between rocks or grains.

Among those searching for it was the Puumala family, who had set up on the bank of the Bear River that cool Sunday morning. The rushing water made a pleasant sound over the rocks and a great blue heron flapped overhead.

"We're hoping we can find something you can actually pick up with tweezers, so we can say we went gold panning and actually found gold," said John Puumala, who lives in nearby West Sacramento. "It's not about the money, but we'd like to have something to keep as a souvenir."

Except for one time at a theme park, the Puumalas had never looked for gold. Normally, they would have liked to go fishing to relax on a Sunday, but the low stream levels and warmer water temperature had made that difficult, so they decided to try panning.

The Puumalas had spent $50 to $60 on mining supplies, including some plastic pans and a small sluice box. They didn't have to get a permit to mine this way, but there has been talk in Sacramento of requiring such licenses soon.

Puumala got to work with a shovel and dug sediment out of the riverbed from under a large boulder.

"Before, the water line was probably way up there," he said, pointing to gravel several yards up the bank. "So I figure when the water was higher it might have washed down and deposited gold around this boulder."

He shoveled the wet material over a filter and into a bucket. His two young daughters tossed the large stones that stuck on top back into the cold water. Then his wife helped his daughters pour the sand-size grains gradually into a three-foot-long sluice box that was anchored in about an inch of water. The heaviest grains caught on the riffles of the box, while the lighter stuff washed into the river.

When the riffles were caked with dark sediment, John's daughter Jordan poured that into a pan and added some water. She swirled it around for a few minutes, while standing inches deep in the water in her rubber boots. A few tiny flakes glinted from the bottom.

"That's gold, isn't that cool?" asked John. Jordan nodded.

About a hundred yards upstream, Bruce Meyer was facedown in the middle of the river. Using his mask and snorkel, he was looking for gold in the sediment caught in a crack between rocks. He raked up the material with a pick, in a mining technique called "sniping." If he found anything shiny, he stirred it up. If it floated, it was pyrite (fool's gold) or mica. If it sank it was gold.

Later, Meyer explained that he used to mine in the same way as the Puumalas, but then he started finding more gold when he switched to sniping a few years ago. "I like sniping a lot better," he said.

Outside the Gold Country Museum in nearby Auburn, Ray Dods of the Mother Lode Goldhounds club described sniping as "finding a treasure chest." And the miner's task is simply to "find the door," he said.

With a thick handlebar mustache and period leather hat, Dods looked as if he had just stepped off a claim in 1870. In fact, connecting with the area's colorful history is what he likes best about mining.

Dods' fellow club member Ed Ebbit said his mother had won the local speed gold panning contest for 13 years. She died while panning not long ago, "doing what she loved," he said.

Sullivan had found his thousand-dollar nugget years ago through another mining process, called dredging, in which a large scoop pulls up sediment for sorting. The state has declined to grant any permits for that process since 2009, saying it can churn up toxic material like mercury in the sediment, impair water quality, and disturb fish.

Since 1840, billions of dollars in gold have been found in California, in addition to billions in platinum, silver, lead, and other metals. The Gold Rush swelled the area's population and transformed a sleepy frontier territory into a booming state. A few got rich, while about half the miners made a modest profit and half broke even or worse. Those that sold the prospectors goods and services tended to make out the best.

The frenzy was not without its downsides, however. Native Americans were decimated by the new visitors and the diseases they brought. Crime and violence spread through mining camps and towns, often fueled by whiskey. Prostitution was rampant. Immigrants from Asia, Latin America, and elsewhere were discriminated against. (See "The Real Price of Gold" in National Geographic magazine.)

Miners also left scars on the landscape in their relentless search for precious metals, Horner said. At first, early prospectors could pick finger-size nuggets right out of the streams. Once the low-hanging fruit was gone, miners began combing through the sediment, using pans, sluices, and a sorting device called a rocker box. Miners then diverted whole rivers, tore up the beds of dried streams, and took to blasting rock away with high-pressure hoses.

That "hydraulicking" process tore loose so much sediment that it raised riverbeds and even the floor of parts of the Central Valley and created bars in San Francisco Bay, until downstream folks got the state legislature to outlaw the practice in 1884. Miners also hammered into hillsides in search of "mother lodes," rich gold veins. In the process they also left behind tons of toxic mercury and cyanide waste, which they used to leach gold from ore.

According to Horner, when the magma that formed the Sierra Nevada cooled, gold often coalesced into veins along the edges of quartz formations. Over time, the veins weathered, and bits of gold broke off and got washed down into streams.

After so many years of mining, "it's crazy how much gold is still here," Meyer said. In fact, experts say previous prospectors recovered only a small percentage of the gold they worked over, thanks to inefficiencies and the tiny size of much of the fragments.

A Golden Future?

Steve Lindgren, a ranger who oversees the Bear River campground and recreational use area with the California Land Management Patrol, said the relatively high price of gold and the relatively weak economy have brought out more panners in recent years. The fact that low water means they can wade further upstream and "get to new areas" hasn't hurt, he said.

Horner said there's a good chance California's climate will get hotter and drier in the coming years. Although Sullivan worries that there may eventually be "not enough water to pan," at least for the next few years, it could open up even more stream reaches for miners like Meyer and the Puumalas.

"People come out and think they'll get rich but then they find out it's a lot of work," Meyer said.

Back at his store, Sullivan agreed. With a chuckle and a wink, he said, "Once you get the fever you'll have it until you die." - NatGeo


Did this sword belong to Ivan the Terrible?

The medieval sword was discovered buried under a tree in Novosibirsk region, and scientists are keen to unlock its secrets. The weapon was unearthed by accident in 1975 and remains the only weapon of its kind ever found in Siberia.

An exciting new theory has now emerged that it could have belonged to Tsar Ivan the Terrible, and came from the royal armoury as a gift at the time of the conquest of Siberia. The hypothesis, twinning an infamous Russian ruler and a revered battle hero, could turn it into one of the most interesting archaeological finds in Siberian history, though for now much remains uncertain.

What Siberian experts are sure about is that the beautifully engraved weapon was originally made in central Europe, and most likely in the Rhine basin of Germany before going to the Swedish mainland, or the island of Gotland, to be adorned with an ornate silver handle and Norse ruse pattern.

The scientists would be keen to hear from European experts who could throw more light on its origins. Read more at Siberian Times


Dining on Bugs

Facilities in France and Holland are set to produce crispy maggots for use in restaurant delicacies.

Insects could represent one of the single most effective solutions to world hunger ever conceived, that is at least according to scientists who have been developing increasingly efficient ways to farm crickets, maggots and other edible creepy crawlies en masse.

Despite being a type of cuisine that most people would be likely to turn their nose up at, insects are in fact extremely nutritious and far cheaper to produce than conventional foodstuffs as well as being a lot more environmentally friendly.

Now two new 'fly factories' are opening in France and Holland in an effort to provide maggots for human consumption to the European market. Each will produce upwards of 24 tons of insects on a daily basis destined for eateries across the continent.

Insects such as mealworms and crickets are already considered a staple foodstuff in some parts of the world including Asia where some insect species are considered a traditional delicacy.

Whether the idea will ever catch on in the west however remains to be seen. Read more at Metro


Billy Willard, director of Sasquatch Watch of Virginia, shows off a cast of an extremely large footprint he found and displayed during the Chautauqua Lake Bigfoot Weedend and Expo at the YMCA Camp Onyahsa in Dewittville last year.

Plea: Put Bigfoot on endangered species list

MAYVILLE – Save Sasquatch.

That was the desperate plea Chautauqua County, NY legislators heard Wednesday from Peter Wiemer, owner of We Wan Chu Cottages on Chautauqua Lake.

Wiemer wants the legislature to become the first governmental body in the country to put Bigfoot on the endangered species list.

“You’re not going to be looked at as being crazy,” said Wiemer, who spoke during the public portion of the meeting when citizens are given a chance to address the legislature. Some of the lawmakers rolled their eyes, while others covered their mouths, perhaps to hold back their laughter.

“You should err on the side of caution,” Wiemer urged.

He claimed there have been 17 eyewitness accounts of sightings of Bigfoot – or perhaps multiple Bigfeet – since 2011 in Chautauqua County. He added that the first documented sighting in New York State was in the 1800s. To date, he claimed, there have been “over 100 sightings in New York State.”

Wiemer showed the bewildered legislators plaster casts that he said were made from a foot impression of a Bigfoot.

“Bigfoots are not a paranormal, not scary or troublesome and are living among us in peace and harmony in Chautauqua County,” he added.

He said that the Bigfoot is classified as a “cryptide,” which he defined as a species that does not have scientific evidence of existence but has been seen by people.

Wiemer, perhaps not coincidentally, is the creator of the Chautauqua Lake Bigfoot Expo, held in 2011. Also, the third annual Chautauqua Lake Bigfoot Expo and Town Hall meeting is scheduled for this Saturday at YMCA Camp Onyahsa in Dewittville on Chautauqua Lake.

“Chautauqua County tourism would be thankful,” Wiemer said, “but the bottom line is it is the right thing to do protecting a species that is rare, possibly part human and documented first here in New York State.” - Buffalo News


Hi folks...I want to thank all those friends and associates who have showed their support of Astral Perceptions & Astral Perceptions Universal. https://www.facebook.com/AstralPerceptions and http://www.astralperceptions.com - Regardless of the obsessive clamoring & invidious claims by others, I am simply making an effort to voluntarily help people. It is apparent, through the testimonials of my clients, that there have been positive results - http://www.astralperceptions.com/p/testimonials.html - Thanks again for your faith in me...Lon



The Possible Connection Between Nikola Tesla and ETs

Flying toads and flying gurnards

You Can't Educate People Into Believing in Evolution

The UFO Timetable And The Melting Man

Remains of ‘Underwater Pompeii’ found in Aegean Sea

Unidentified: The UFO Phenomenon: How World Governments Have Conspired to Conceal Humanity's Biggest Secret

The Dulce Wars: Underground Alien Bases and the Battle for Planet Earth

Into The Fringe: A True Story of Alien Abduction

Close Encounters of the Fatal Kind: Suspicious Deaths, Mysterious Murders, and Bizarre Disappearances in UFO History

Odd Incidents In Roswell

I received the following submission several years ago, but decided to post again after a similar situation in the same area was recently reported to me. I am looking into the new incident...but in the meantime, I can offer this narrative:

I was in Los Angeles at my Mom's house while my friend was visiting our other friend who had just moved to Roswell, NM. All of a sudden I got a text from Leah...she was very frightened and wanted to know if there were such things as aliens for real. She felt that something was gonna happen to her. She texted me everything that was happening to her as it happened and I could tell by the way she was typing her words that she was terrified & scared for her life. I became very frightened myself as I read her texts. I kept telling her to CALL ME and she wouldn't...she just continued texting & finally she said she didn't want to call because they would hear her.

Anyway...this is the story she told me about what happened to her that night. She was coming back from a late night call in Hobbs (like 2 am) and she still had several miles to go to reach the house where she was staying in Roswell. She said that she saw a light in the sky zoom past her from the front. Then suddenly she became aware of very bright lights behind her car that seemingly came out of nowhere but were following her car in very close proximity & resembled the headlights of a car except that there was no car visibly attached to them. It was as if the lights themselves were floating & following her...when she would speed up they would speed up very close to her car. When she would slow down they would slow down even more to the point where they were no longer close to her car anymore but they would stall way further behind so that she could still not get a good look at the vehicle behind the lights. Then she would speed up...to 100 miles per hour at one point because she was trying to see how far they would go to keep up with her and they were almost glued to her bumper at that point. They had no problem staying right along with her at that speed and yet they would not pass her. While she was driving very fast trying to shake the lights the inside of her car filled up with a noise that she could not quite put into words. She said it seemed to be coming from her purse beside her and it was a loud and terrifying sound unlike anything she ever heard before and she felt at that moment that they were trying to make her crash. She started noticing all the skid marks on the road that were going off the road in the same direction and how many there were. One after the other...like almost 30 sets of skid marks all within a 1 mile stretch of road that she felt was designated for that purpose & she felt that it was intended for her to do the same. She got the idea that they were amused by her fear and that they could read her mind & that's why she was afraid to call me because she felt they would hear her.

Almost as fast as the lights appeared they disappeared & she resumed her driving normally till she reached her friend's house. She was so scared she couldn't even get out of the car. Our friend had to come get her. She got very very ill the next day she couldn't get out of bed...she was terribly sick for 2 days. Before the incident occurred she was not one to really care too much one way or the other about other life forms and she bordered on disbelief in anything she had not seen with her own eyes. She now has a firm belief in alien life forms & she also believes that they were trying to run her off the road that night and that they had run several people off the road before...evidenced by the many skid marks that were veering off the road in the same direction in that one little mile stretch of highway.

The other strange thing that happened was that when we were both discussing it a few days later we wanted to re-trace her route that she took that night to try to determine where it had happened exactly and her latitude history for that little stretch of time was missing. We looked at all the records of the texts that we sent back and forth both on her phone and on mine. We both have Google voice & it saves every text and phone call...yet there was no trace of any of the texts on either end. It was very strange.

Then 2 weeks after this happened my daughter came to visit me in California...she had done a movie shoot out in Roswell and she told me this story:

She was shooting a movie about aliens and she wanted it on location in Roswell so she brought her equipment and crew members out to Roswell. They shot the scenes & ended up having to spend the night out there. So she went to the (redacted the hotel name) and paid for several rooms for herself and her crew members for the night. Upon going to bed she discovered (as did the rest of her crew members in each of their own rooms) that the bed mattresses and box springs were covered with massive blood stains & there was not a mattress or box spring in the whole hotel that did not have blood stains on it (for which they would not even offer an explanation). Why would the whole hotel be filled with mattresses covered with blood?? Very scary sh*t. Needless to say they left and will not be returning. - KC

NOTE: I redacted the name of the hotel in the post. I did followup and called the hotel and explained the situation...namely, the reported blood on the beds. The manager actually acknowledged that they were aware of the allegations but would not comment any further. I checked with the Chaves County, NM health authorities and was told that this particular hotel has only received complaints for bed bugs. I contacted a colleague who lives in Artesia, NM and travels to Roswell several times a week on business. He states that there have been several incidents reported of people being run off the road by unknown flying craft, especially on RT 285 north from Roswell...Lon

Witness to Roswell: Unmasking the Government's Biggest Cover-up (Revised and Expanded Edition)

The Roswell Legacy: The Untold Story of the First Military Officer at the 1947 Crash Site

The Roswell Protocols

The Day After Roswell

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Monday, November 24, 2014

The 'Miami Circle' Mystery

Here is a mysterious location that you may never have heard of. The Miami Circle was discovered in August/September, 1998, during routine archaeological investigations conducted at the site of six low-rise, 1950-era apartment buildings (Brickell Point Apartments), which were razed to make way for construction of two high-rise apartment towers. Surveyor Ted Riggs uncovered an arc-like section and was convinced this would be a circle incised into the stone, underneath the three feet of overlying Earth:

Property developer Michael Bauman was in for a real surprise when he purchased a plot of land in downtown Miami in 1998. Bauman's plans for the land were seemingly simple: demolish a 1950-era apartment complex and build a luxury condominium in its place.

During a routine archaeological survey of the site, however, hundreds of mysterious holes were discovered in a layer of Oolitic limestone bedrock and Bauman's development plans immediately came to a halt. Through further investigation, twenty-four of the largest holes comprised a perfect circle, 38 feet (12 m) in diameter, and excavation results found a variety of artifacts ranging from human teeth to ancient tools.

Included in the artifacts were pieces of burnt wood which, after being tested for radiocarbon dating, are believed to be 1800-2000 years old. To date, Miami Circle is the only known evidence in the United States of a prehistoric structure built into bedrock. Evidence from this mysterious prehistoric "footprint" predates other known settlements along the East Coast.

The site is believed to have once been occupied by the Tequesta Indians, a local tribe whose known tools matched some of the shark tooth-related artifacts found during excavation. Theorists have suggested that the holes were structural postholes or part of the foundation for a building. Some believe the building was used for ceremonial purposes, as animal bones and unused tools appeared to be offerings.

Among these tools were two axe-heads made from basalt, a hard stone that is not indigenous to Florida. The finding of these tools contradicts the theory that the site was occupied by the Tequesta, however, as the volcanic rock is believed to have been from a location in Macon, Georgia - some 600 miles (970 km) away from the site.

The mysterious origin of the site has led to its nickname as "America's Stonehenge", (though there are a number of sites nicknamed this) and some critics and conspiracy theorists have offered alternative theories. Aliens, Mayans and septic tanks are among some of the suggested origins for the holes.

The State of Florida eventually purchased the land from Baumann after a series of high-profile disputes between Native American groups, contractors, and historic preservation committees. Miami Circle, otherwise known as Brickell Point or the Miami River Circle, was declared a National Historic Landmark in early 2009 and is currently under a 44-year lease agreement with the Historical Museum of Southern Florida. Visitors interested in the history of the Miami Circle can view artifacts on display through the museum's permanent exhibition: "First Arrivals: The Archaeology of Southern Florida." - atlasobscura



The Miami Circle is located within archaeological site 8DA1212, aka "Miami Midden #2" or "The Brickell Point Site." It is situated on a 2.2 +/- acre parcel that is located along the southern bank of the Miami River, where the River meets Biscayne Bay. The Miami Circle is characterized primarily by a series of 24 main basin "rectangles" which have been cut almost 2 feet deep into the site's oolitic limestone bedrock , 6 smaller ones, and hundreds of random "post holes." The 30 large and small "rectangular basins" form a ring geometry approximately 37 feet in diameter, with the approximately 500 smaller round holes scattered randomly across the entire circle's width, if not beyond.

Considering the amount of modern construction (and demolition) that has taken place on top of the site, the Miami Circle is remarkably intact -- with approximately 85% of it preserved. The Brickell Point property contains intact prehistoric midden deposits on at least 50% - 75% of the parcel. This material contains a tremendous quantity of well-preserved shell, bone, ceramics, and other artifacts deposited during several centuries of human occupation.

The "mainstream" opinion says "the Tequesta Indians," a group of Southern Florida native Americans who inhabited the area from about 2000 years ago to after the Spanish arrived -- spanning roughly the same dates as the artifacts recovered from the Circle's "holes." A minority opinion (Riggs, Hoagland, et al) says MUCH older...by a sophisticated people who lived here long before the Tequestas were in the area...perhaps as much as 10,000 to 13,000 years ago.

Archaeological evidence suggests the Miami Circle marks the footprint [foundation] of a large, prehistoric structure, possibly the "foundations for a 'Council House,' or other ceremonial structure created by native Americans known as the Tequesta. The evidence also suggests that the Miami Circle had ceremonial importance to the Tequesta:

* Cardinal points (i.e. North, South, East, and West) along the Miami Circle appear to have been specially denoted. In particular, an eye-shaped hole was cut into the bedrock at the Circle's eastern point. Its shape was unique among hundreds of holes uncovered at the site.

* Two possible animal offerings, a complete sea turtle carapace and the articulated remains of a shark more than six feet in length, were found within the Circle's interior. Each was oriented east-west, a practice often associated with prehistoric human burials.

* Several teeth belonging to an extinct species of seal were found within the Miami Circle. Spanish explorer's accounts indicate that the consumption of monk seals, or "sea wolves," were reserved for the elite class.

* Two finely-crafted stone axes were found found along the Miami Circle's eastern portion. One of these was recovered from within a posthole cut into the bedrock, and possibly represents an offering. Both axes were made of basalt, a volcanic rock that is not native to Florida.

The minority scientists say that the structure's puzzling ring-shaped array of 30 rectangular "basins" are more analogous to England's "Stonehenge" -- once serving as the "foundation slots" for a ring of 30 upright stones, which once stood in the currently surviving geometric bedrock basins -"an archeo-astronomical "stonehenge-like device," for observing the solstices and equinoxes, as well as other astronomically-based ceremonial uses ..."

At present, two radiocarbon date determinations have been completed. Charcoal samples collected from within one of the Miami Circle's cut basins and from the midden within the Miami Circle both dated to circa 100 A.D. Human occupation of the site may date to well over two thousands years ago.

The Miami Circle archaeological site is regarded as being of local, regional, and statewide significance. The Miami Circle may also be of national significance, as it is believed to be the only cut-in-rock prehistoric structural footprint ever found in eastern North America. The site potentially qualifies for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. If we fail to preserve the Circle, a priceless , untouched example of a previously unsuspected sophistication in "archaic North American architecture," as well as important new clues as to the reasons for astronomically-based indigenous ceremonial centers will be lost. The Miami Circle, though architecturally unique (carved basins in the limestone bedrock), has at least one other potentially significant analog in North America: the ancient circle of wooden post holes -- called "Woodhenge 2" -- placed on the summit of a massive earthen "Indian Mound" known as "Cahokia," located across the river from St.Louis, Missouri.

The Mayor of Miami-Dade County, the Honorable Alex Penelas, signed an "eminent domain decree" in February 2009, setting in motion a legal process for County acquisition and preservation of the Miami River Circle site. An "eminent domain" trial is set to begin October 4th to decide the actual purchase price of the land. If the County cannot raise the necessary funds in time (the exact amount to be determined by the jury), the land will then revert back to the developer: Michael Baumann.. The County needs massive financial help, as the current "save the circle" fund is far short of even what the developer originally paid for the land.

The developer, Michael Bauman, originally paid slightly over 8 million dollars for the 2.2 acre site at the mouth of the Miami River. He is now claiming additional costs in architectural development, lost revenues due to the eminent domain proceeding, etc., totaling in excess of 50 million dollars. Ultimately, based on evidence presented by the County and the developer at trial, a jury of twelve men and woman selected from the normal jury pool in the Miami area will decide what the Circle site is worth in today's market -- and award Mr.Baumann according compensation.


Ancient Miamians: The Tequesta of South Florida (Native Peoples, Cultures, and Places of the Southeastern United States)

People of the Good Earth: A tale of the Tequesta Tribe

Prehistoric Peoples of South Florida

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